Rod’s E-bike Ramblings

On this page you will find my musings on all things to do with electric bikes – what they are, who uses them, and how, as well as the legal and technical aspects of owning and riding an e-bike in the UK. Just click on ‘Rod’s E-bike Thoughts’.

You will also find my work-in-progress project which is ‘Rod’s E-Bike Routes’ . When you click on that header you’ll find various local routes I’ve ridden which I feel are particularly suited to electric bikes. They are a mixture of off-road, cycle paths and road sections, with an emphasis on exploring the Seahaven area by bike and the enjoyment to be had therein. Of course you can ride the routes on a normal bike but the hills are a lot harder and the ride takes longer. As a guide, these routes have been ridden by my wife and I and we are both fifty-something with no special cycling skills. I’ll try to add to and update the route information as and when I can.

Click on the headings below to expand the content.

Rod’s E-Bike Thoughts  >>CLICK HERE

Electric Bikes – Work Of The Devil or Transport Saviour?


Reliable official data is hard to come by but a brief look around your local town and trails should show you that electric bikes are finally gaining a foothold in the UK cycling market. E-bikes now account for about a quarter of cycle sales in the Netherlands and are even outselling normal bikes in Germany. So why do we appear so reluctant in the UK when it comes to taking the strain out of cycling?

How Does An E-bike Work?

An e-bike will have various sensors measuring data such as how many times a minute you turn the pedals through a complete revolution, your speed, how hard you’re pedalling, what assistance setting you’ve chosen, and how hard the motor is working to assist you. A central processor unit will use this information to determine how much power to send to the crank to help you with your pedalling. The battery supplies the power to the motor that drives the crank that helps you turn the pedals. Older or cheaper e-bikes will have the motor built into the hub of the front or the rear wheel.

What Is The Legal Definition Of An E-bike?

First of all, for those of you who are unfamiliar with what legally constitutes an electric bike in the UK, here’s what the law says about electric bikes – or an Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycle (EAPC) to be precise:

  • You must be at least 14-years old.
  • You do not need a licence to ride one.
  • It does not have to be registered, taxed, or insured – EXCEPT in Northern Ireland where you will need a motorcycle licence to ride any electric bike AND it must be registered, taxed and insured, and you’ll need to wear a motorcycle helmet when riding one.
  • The EAPC must have pedals that can be used to propel it.
  • It must display the power output and/or the manufacturer of the motor.
  • It must display the battery’s voltage and/or the maximum speed of the bike.
  • The motor must have a maximum power output of 250 watts.
  • The motor should not be able to propel the bike when it’s travelling more than 15.5mph.
  • An EAPC can have more than two wheels.

If a bike meets the EAPC requirements it’s classed as a normal pedal bike. This means you can ride it on cycle paths and anywhere else pedal bikes are allowed.

Any electric bike that doesn’t meet the EAPC rules needs to be registered and taxed. You’ll need a driving licence to ride one and you must wear a crash helmet. The vehicle will also need to be type approved to make sure it’s safe to use on the road.

To be clear, if an EAPC can be electrically propelled without pedalling, it’s known as a ‘twist and go EAPC’. A twist and go EAPC must be ‘type-approved’ to make sure it’s safe to use on the road. A type- approved vehicle will have a plate showing its type approval number.

At risk of labouring the point: you can’t ride an illegal electric bike off-road to avoid punishment. It would be like riding a motorbike over The Downs with all the legal punishments that might attract.

Who Buys An Electric Bike?

So now we know what an electric bike is, but who uses them in the UK? And why are we so far behind other countries in adopting electrically assisted pedal cycles?

Having spent many years cycling in the UK and abroad, and 11 years in the cycle trade, I’ve noticed there is one very significant difference that sets the UK cycle market apart from its neighbours – we mostly cycle for fun and fitness.

Of course there are exceptions, but the vast majority of us do not use bicycles as a means of transport. We race, we endure, we get fit, lose weight, we jump, do tricks and raise money for charity on our bikes. We do not commute to work, ride to school, visit friends and family, go on holiday, pop down the pub or do the weekly shop on our bikes. Our bikes are built for speed and we must wear special cycling clothes and shoes in order to travel further and faster. I’m not saying that’s wrong, and obviously I am generalising massively, but on the whole the majority of us cyclists do not use our bikes as a form of transport, but…the good news is…more of us are.

As a cycle retailer I can see those differences in cycling habits reflected in the type and style of bikes on offer in the UK compared to those on offer across the rest of Europe. Most of the bikes ridden in the UK come under the heading of sport and leisure, whereas more of the bikes ridden in Europe are utilitarian and often unisex. I used the word ‘ridden’ deliberately. My business also has a large cycle service and repair workshop I am also very aware that there a lot of bikes that are purchased one summer, ridden half a dozen times and then left in the shed to gather dust and rust. I see these bikes when the kids have grown up and their owners want to get fit again, or grandchildren come to say, or sons and daughters go off to university and need some transport. Which leads nicely into another reason electric bikes are becoming more popular.

Bikes As A Form of Transport

Now that the technology has been proven, and car manufacturers and governments are forcing or encouraging us to adopt electric cars, the switch from vehicles using fossil fuels will come swiftly, and some of that acceptance of electric cars will rub off onto sales of electric bikes.

Young people leaving education and starting out in life are being priced out of driving (as well as a lot of other things) because the running costs are so high and insurance premiums can be astronomical in price. Time to get a bike. Then once they’re on that bike they’ll notice other benefits apart from lower running costs:

  • A bike is easier to park
  • A bike can often carry on when cars are left at a standstill in queues of traffic
  • You don’t have to sit next to someone who hogs the seat and may smell less than savoury!
  • You’re not squashed into a train carriage that is frequently late or cancelled and is always rammed with other commuters and nowhere to sit
  • You’re fitter
  • You see more and are more aware and interactive with your surroundings

A bike is an attractive option if you already have access to one and are reasonably fit, but if you don’t have one and you’re not that fit then an e-bike begins to be an attractive option. Admittedly an e-bike is always going to be more expensive to buy than an equivalent non-powered model, but it’s a whole lot cheaper to run than a car.


Who??? We already have electric drills, saws, chairs, food mixers, lights, toys, milk floats and now cars. Why not bikes? We don’t all RUN around in cars like the Flintstones with our feet poking out the bottom. And yet when I’m riding an electric bike, or talking to customers in my shop, people’s reaction to them is very often a negative one. People I’m not even talking to will approach me, point an accusing finger at one of the electric bikes on display and declare vehemently, ‘I don’t need one of those! It’s cheating!’ It’s weird! It’s like they’ve spotted a year’s supply of EPO amongst the energy gels! Generally, guys don’t walk into a chemist and feel the need to point at packets of Viagra and declaim, ‘I don’t need those!’ Women don’t feel the need to decry hair dye as the work of the devil, but people do feel the need to come into my shop and engage me in conversation about electric bikes and then tell me they don’t need one with an air of righteous indignation.

It seems like the majority of cyclists prefer to be masochists flagellating themselves on the wheels of their machines grinding their way up another hill and into another headwind. And that’s fine. I get it. The purity of rider and machine alone against a cruel world, and yet…over the years we’ve added gears, suspension, disc brakes, aerodynamic profiling, pneumatic tyres, etc. to make our riding smoother, easier, faster, and safer.

When you’re commuting to work on an e-bike and you’re home 30 minutes quicker than if you went by car you’re cheating no-one but the people left fuming in the queue of traffic behind you.

If you’re getting older and the joints and muscles don’t work quite like they used to but an e-bike means you can still go on the club rides you’re cheating no-one but Old Father Time. And if you get to ride with your mates and have fun because you’re not worried about being able to keep up with them then you’re not sat at home watching TV and piling on the pounds.

Catalytic Converter

A good bike is one you don’t even think about. It’s a catalyst to experiencing fun and enjoyment. A catalyst is something that accelerates or enhances a (chemical) reaction without itself undergoing a permanent change. That’s what a good bike does. For people who ride electric bikes it’s really not about the bike – it’s about what an e-bike allows them do.

A good, well-maintained bike takes away the mechanical hassles of cycling. A good electric bike takes away those mechanical hassles, as well as the pain of cycling, and leaves just the joy. The joy of cycling with your mates again on the rare occasions that work and family life allow, even though you’re not as fit as you used to be. No more do you have to be embarrassed at always being last, and your mates don’t have to be frustrated waiting at the top of every slope until you arrive panting and red-faced just as they zoom off again. It’s about getting the top of all the hills around you just to see what’s there; to wander down new trails and explore, safe in the knowledge that you’ll have enough puff to get back home again.

An e-bike is increasingly the choice of busy, young professionals who perhaps used to ride when they were younger, and would really like to go riding with their friends, but don’t have the time available to go cycling regularly. Because of that they can’t get fit enough, or maintain their fitness, such that they don’t feel embarrassed about being the chubby one at the back – again! It’s a shame but these people give up before they start. An e-bike can bridge that gap between you and your friends who are zooming away down the trail leaving you dragging behind. It can also get you fit. This is the biggest fallacy I encounter amongst most people: ‘It’s doing all the work for you.’ It’s not! What an e-bike does is assist your pedalling at a level chosen by you. You can have a lot of assistance, a little, or no help whatsoever from the motor.

I also find that e-bikes are exhilarating and fun and that the motor pushes you as well as the bike to go faster and therefore work harder such that you often exceed the legal maximum 15.5mph speed of the motor. When that happens it’s just you pedalling regardless of how much assistance you’ve chosen! Then you get fitter, then your battery lasts longer, then you ride for longer, then you get fitter, then you ride more often…

Beer Garden Celebrities

Previously my wife gave up cycling for several years because a muscle problem meant she was physically unable to cycle beyond just a very short distance and it certainly wasn’t enjoyable. Charging the slopes of Firle Beacon and climbing hills above the Long Man of Wilmington were physical impossibilities. Sadly, the less she did, the stiffer she would become, the less she did. But all that has changed.

One of the perks of owning a bike shop means I get to ‘borrow’ lots of nice bikes, and once Giant Bicycles produced a crank-driven electric mountain bike with a frame small enough I knew it could be the answer to my wife’s problem of lack of strength and endurance. All I had to do was persuade her to try one…it wasn’t easy. At first it was the same, sad, old story I hear too often – it’s cheating/they’re heavy/they’re too expensive/people will laugh at me/I don’t know how to use one. Now I can’t get her off it! A change of doctor, a change of medication, use of an e-bike, and use of electrically-assisted gym equipment (hmm, there’s a theme emerging here), has given her a whole new lease of life.

Over the last year my wife and I have re-discovered our love of cycling together. We like to explore the beautiful Sussex countryside we’re so lucky to have around us, and we enjoy the tea gardens, beer gardens, nature and history of the South Downs National Park (and beyond) whenever time and weather allow. We’ll often be found sitting outside with our two electric bikes enjoying some outdoor refreshment when the nudging and whispering will start on neighbouring tables: They are I tell you. No they’re not. Yes they are!

I imagine it’s similar for film stars. Eventually someone will pluck up the courage to ask the familiar question: Excuse me. I’m sorry to bother you but could you settle an argument for us. Are your bikes electric?

Then the usual: it’s cheating/they’re heavy/they’re too expensive/people will laugh at me/I don’t know how to use one.

Ten minutes later they’re whizzing back down the lane to us with a big grin on their face extolling the virtues of electric bikes and asking where they can get one. Well – there is a great little shop in Seaford called Mr Cycles…

E-Bikes – The Great Levellers,or… The Once and Future Cyclists

I’ve already mentioned how good e-bikes are for getting people back on their bikes to ride with their friends rather than sit at home because they’re worried they can’t keep up, but this was really brought home to me recently when I took out a group of my old friends who hadn’t ridden for years for a ride over the Sussex hills and through Friston Forest. Again, it took some persuading to get them to get them to agree to ‘cheat’, but eventually off went the four of us on our electric bikes.

We started gently by cycling along the seafront and then up the Ouse valley to Southease and our first refreshment stop. Although we stuck to cycle paths wherever possible, there were occasional bits of cycling on road. However, the guys negotiated these sections with ease with the growing confidence from knowing that they weren’t pedalling slowly and aggravating impatient drivers. In fact, they often found they could keep up with the traffic flow.

Spirits were high as I explained that after coffee and cake we were heading up Itford Hill, and past the radio towers on Beddingham Hill, where we would then drop down to the Old Coach Road that runs along between The Downs and the villages of Firle, Alciston, Berwick and on to Alfriston.

You what!? I can’t get up that hill! You’re joking!

Next thing I know the four of us are admiring the vista of the River Ouse snaking its way towards Lewes Castle between Kingston ridge and the hill fort of Mount Caburn to the east. Then we’re flying down the hill towards Firle, splashing through the puddles on the coach road like kids, and finally sitting in the late summer sunshine in the garden of The Cricketers. The four of us together. Bantering like we’re teenagers – except we’re not. We’re four unfit fifty-somethings. One with a new knee, one with ankylosing spondylitis, one non-athletic homeworker, and one overweight, stressed, self-employed business owner who’s sneaked out for a long, long, long overdue day out with his old mates. And that’s when I realised why we’d had so much fun on those electric bikes – we were all on the same level. No-one got annoyed or embarrassed waiting for the slow one. We all got up the hills just fine and at the same speed. We rode together. We laughed and joked together. Four old men that had been once been cyclists were now cyclists once more. My friends may not be electric, but they were certainly buzzing.

The Last Word

IT’S NOT CHEATING! You can’t just push a button or twist a throttle and go – that would be illegal. You have to pedal. How hard you pedal is up to you. Just ride it like a normal bike, use your gears, and choose the level of assistance you want or need. Happy cycling.

Rod’s E-Bike Routes

Here you will find fully interactive maps of local routes I’ve ridden. Although the rides are a mixture of roads, paths and trails you will need a mountain bike to ride these routes. You can download GPX files for your phone or GPS device. If you click on the maps below you will be taken to the ‘MapMy Ride’ app where you can view the route in detail. If you create your own free account you can then download the GPX files or send them to your Smartphone (you’ll need to download the free MapMyRide app to your phone first).
If that doesn’t work, just email and I’ll send you the gpx files by return :-).

29-mile Loop: Seaford-Willingdon-Alfriston-Southease-Newhaven  >>CLICK HERE

This ride can be very slippery when wet, and always steep in places – up and down! The views are well worth the effort though. It’s 29 miles through Seaford, Friston, Butts Brow above Willingdon, Jevington, Alfriston, Southease, and Newhaven on some of the best off-road cycling the South Downs have to offer. Cycle paths are used between Newhaven and Seaford on the return leg, and sadly there is no easy route through Newhaven town centre and across the swingbridge.

Click HERE to open this ride in ‘Map My Ride’ in a new window. See below for my ride navigation notes.

Ride Navigation Notes

I’ve started the ride from where the ice-cream van normally parks on Seaford seafront near the Salts Recreation Ground. Plenty of free parking to be had here.

Head east along the promenade cycle route until you reach Seaford Museum at the Martello Tower. Then it’s onto the road following NCN Route 2. Emerging from the pub car park at the bottom of the hill, cross the River Cuckmere, then next left and first right into the Friston Forest car park. As you enter turn left and pick up the cycle trail to West Dean pond. As you pass through a low flint wall in front of Pond Cottage take the gravel forest road to the right. Follow the gravel road for about 1.5 miles until the path veers to the left past the pumping station. Then you pick up a tarmac road that runs past a few houses in the forest. Do not follow the cycle path as it heads off the tarmac and continues onto the car park at Butchers Hole, but instead follow the road uphill until it meets the Jevington Road.

Turn right towards the A259 coast road, but before you reach it turn sharp left onto Old Willingdon Road. Follow this old coach road for about 3 miles (crossing The South Downs Way) until you reach the fantastic viewpoint above Willingdon and Eastbourne that is Butts Brow. After admiring the view you will need to backtrack a little bit to the bridlepath that swoops away down a grassy slope that sees you emerge into Willingdon Lane beside the former Hungry Monk restaurant in Jevington complete with blue plaque proudly claiming it as the birthplace of Banoffi Pie. Turn right.

Go past The Eight Bells, past Smugglers Barn, and about 100 yards up the road, turn left into the unmade Green Lane opposite The Old Post Office. Follow the trail and take the left at the first fork, then always right as you pick up The South Downs Way (always heading uphill). It’s very steep here. as you emerge from the trees at the top of the hill follow the SDW to the right. Great views here to the south and west as you head towards the top of the hill behind The Long Man of Wilmington. Sadly you can’t see the long fellow 🙁

As you crest Windover Hill the trail becomes a very rutted, sunken track of chalk and flint. Beware! Chalk is very slippery when wet. Even in the dry choose your rut carefully and descend slowly.

Be prepared to stop and admire the views, but watch out for local traffic!  🙂


At the bottom when the track reaches the road you have a choice: Cross the road and continue to follow the SDW down a very rutted, sunken track which is worse than before with many large, loose flints and tricky tree roots, or turn left onto the road and whizz down the road on Chapel Hill. The route on ‘Map My Ride’ follows the road. Pass tiny Lullington church hidden behind the hedge halfway down the hill and take the first right at the bottom by the big wooden, barn towards Alfriston. The two alternative routes re-join at the Milton Street turn-off where the road turns left and you cross the River Cuckmere once more. At the T-junction turn right. (Note: If you turn left you will be in the pretty village of Alfriston with a choice of pubs, restaurants, tea rooms and village stores). After 50 yards take the first left into Winton Street.

At the top of Winton Street the road turns sharp left into West Street but we’re going to carry straight on back towards the heights of The Downs. Our route curls leftwards and upwards until we reach a crossroad of tracks and we re-join the SDW by turning right through a gate.


Don’t forget to take a trig point selfie and admire the view at Firle Beacon. Keep following the SDW along the green, superhighway of The South Downs towards the radio masts in the distance. Carry on past, still following SDW, and descend Itford Hill (much easier than Windover Hill) towards Southease and the opportunity of tea and cake at the YHA cafe.

Continue westward across the railway line by Southease station, and then over the wooden swingbridge at Southease, where we immediately turn right onto the new Egrets Way path which runs south beside the River towards Piddinghoe. Follow the cinder path until it runs out just before Piddinghoe. Join the C7 road and continue southward. There are many routes you could take to get through Piddinghoe and we could have many discussions about the pros and cons of each one, but here’s what I’m suggesting:

Turn left into Piddinghoe village. After about 50 yards do not head uphill following the road, but instead take the footpath on the left below the church that leads to the riverbank. You’ll need to dismount. Follow the river round below the church and the old schoolhouse. Walk across the slipway and carry on along the top of the riverbank. As you approach the sailing lake you should drop down onto the wide path below where you can re-mount and carry on towards Newhaven. Just after some electricity poles on your right, and just before you reach the incinerator on the opposite bank, you’ll see a path heading off to your right away from the river. Follow that across Newhaven’s old rubbish dump (now capped with spoil from excavating Brighton marina) and arrive in Robinson Road via the recreation ground. Turn right onto Robinson Road and then immediately sharp left up Elphick Road at the rear of The Jolly Boatman pub. follow Elphick Road south to a dead-end where you pick up a cycle path besides the A259 Newhaven ring road.

As with Piddinghoe, there are several options between Elphick Road and picking up the cycle path near Sainsburys before heading across the reserve to Seaford. I’m happy for you to find your own way but here’s what I’m suggesting: Head towards the bridge, dismount by the pelican crossing, and cross to the other side of the road before crossing the swingbridge towards the train station. The shared use path can be very busy along this section and there are a lot of road crossings. One alternative might be to use the road from Elphick Road, cross the bridge, turn left and then down under the flyover, across railway line and straight across mini roundabout (markings obliterated by traffic) before re-joining the cycle path near McDonalds. Either way, once you’re on the cycle path past Denton Corner it’s plain riding all the way back to your start point on Seaford seafront. A cracking ride I’m sure you’ll agree – no buts!